Batteries are an integral part of our daily life. Most of them contain heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium, lead, zinc and nickel, harmful to the environment and humans.
Each of us should be aware that batteries disposed of together with the household waste are sent to landfills. There they are exposed to rain, sun, and the heavy metals and acids contained in them seep into the soil and water. We are talking about billions of batteries in the world annually. When the heavy metals enter the groundwater, they seep everywhere. They fall into wells, rivers. Accumulate in fishes, in rivers, seas. Soil pollution with heavy metals poisons the agricultural production. Then people eat fruits and vegetables, graze cattle and the injury from heavy metals is increased. Overall batteries may contain the following hazardous to human health and life chemical elements: mercury, cadmium, lead, nickel, magnesium, zinc, lithium, iron, silver, various acids and others. Almost all of the compounds are carcinogenic, cause brain damage, chronic illness and are extremly dangerous for pregnant women and newborns. For this reason, the batteries should not be thrown out directly into the containers, but only on the designated areas.
Organizing the collection of batteries and accumulators is the responsibility of manufacturers and importers. The batteries and accumulators are collected close to the homes row. There are containers for batteries in many of the larger stores, public buildings, schools and kindergartens.